Language for interaction
Understand that patterns of language interaction vary across social contexts and types of texts and that they help to signal social roles and relationships.
Text structure and organisation
Understand how texts vary in purpose, structure and topic as well as the degree of formality.
Recognise that ideas in literary texts can be conveyed from different viewpoints, which can lead to different kinds of interpretations and responses.
Understand, interpret and experiment with sound devices and imagery, including simile, metaphor and personification, in narratives, shape poetry, songs, anthems and odes.
Create literary texts using realistic and fantasy settings and characters that draw on the worlds represented in texts students have experienced.
Create literary texts that experiment with structures, ideas and stylistic features of selected authors.
Interacting with others
Clarify understanding of content as it unfolds in formal and informal situations, connecting ideas to students’ own experiences and present and justify a point of view.
Use interaction skills, for example paraphrasing, questioning and interpreting non-verbal cues and choose vocabulary and vocal effects appropriate for different audiences and purposes.
Plan, rehearse and deliver presentations for defined audiences and purposes incorporating accurate and sequenced content and multimodal elements.
Interpreting, analysing, evaluating
Identify and explain characteristic text structures and language features used in imaginative, informative and persuasive texts to meet the purpose of the text.
Plan, draft and publish imaginative, informative and persuasive print and multimodal texts, choosing text structures, language features images and sound appropriate to purpose and audience.
Use a range of software including word processing programs with fluency to construct, edit and publish written text, and select, edit and place visual, print and audio elements.
Understand how authors often innovate on text structures and play with language features to achieve particular aesthetic, humorous and persuasive purposes and effects.
Literature in context
Make connections between students’ own experiences and those of characters and events represented in texts drawn from different historical, social and cultural contexts.
Responding to literature
Analyse and evaluate similarities and differences in texts on similar topics, themes or plots.
Identify the relationship between words, sounds, imagery and language patterns in narratives and poetry such as ballads, limericks and free verse.
Create literary texts that adapt or combine aspects of texts students have experienced in innovative ways.
Experiment with text structures and language features and their effects in creating literary texts, for example, using imagery, sentence variation, metaphor and word choice.
Texts in context
Compare texts including media texts that represent ideas and events in different ways, explaining the effects of the different approaches.
Participate in and contribute to discussions, clarifying and interrogating ideas, developing and supporting arguments, sharing and evaluating information, experiences and opinions.
Plan, rehearse and deliver presentations, selecting and sequencing appropriate content and multimodal elements for defined audiences and purposes, making appropriate choices for modality and emphasis.
Analyse how text structures and language features work together to meet the purpose of a text.
Analyse strategies authors use to influence readers.
Plan, draft and publish imaginative, informative and persuasive texts, choosing and experimenting with text structures, language features, images and digital resources appropriate to purpose and audience.
Use a range of software, including word processing programs, learning new functions as required to create texts.
Language variation and change
Understand the way language evolves to reflect a changing world, particularly in response to the use of new technology for presenting texts and communicating.
Reflect on ideas and opinions about characters, settings and events in literary texts, identifying areas of agreement and difference with others and justifying a point of view.
Compare the ways that language and images are used to create character, and to influence emotions and opinions in different types of texts
Discuss aspects of texts, for example their aesthetic and social value, using relevant and appropriate metalanguage.
Recognise and analyse the ways that characterisation, events and settings are combined in narratives, and discuss the purposes and appeal of different approaches
Understand, interpret and discuss how language is compressed to produce a dramatic effect in film or drama, and to create layers of meaning in poetry, for example haiku, tankas, couplets, free verse and verse novels.
Experiment with text structures and language features and their effects in creating literary texts, for example, using rhythm, sound effects, monologue, layout, navigation and colour
Identify and discuss main ideas, concepts and points of view in spoken texts to evaluate qualities, for example the strength of an argument or the lyrical power of a poetic rendition
Use interaction skills when discussing and presenting ideas and information, selecting body language, voice qualities and other elements, (for example music and sound) to add interest and meaning
Plan, rehearse and deliver presentations, selecting and sequencing appropriate content and multimodal elements to promote a point of view or enable a new way of seeing.
Analyse and explain the ways text structures and language features shape meaning and vary according to audience and purpose.
Use prior knowledge and text processing strategies to interpret a range of types of texts.
Compare the text structures and language features of multimodal texts, explaining how they combine to influence audiences
Plan, draft and publish imaginative, informative and persuasive texts, selecting aspects of subject matter and particular language, visual, and audio features to convey information and ideas
Use a range of software, including word processing programs, to confidently create, edit and publish written and multimodal texts.
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